Do You Know Who Invented Cricket in India? Check Out the Story!

Discover the intriguing story behind the invention of cricket as you explore its history and evolution, and learn about the legendary players who shaped the game in this captivating article.

Under the leadership of Kapil Dev, India won their first World Cup in 1983. In this article, we will take a look at the history and evolution of cricket in India.

Following their debut in a Test match in 1932, the Indian cricket team went on to finish each of the years from 2005 to 2008 among the top four test teams, as determined by the ICC rankings. The group won the Cricket World Cup for ODIs in 1983 and 2011.  The ICC Champions Trophy in 2002 and 2013 and the Twenty20 World Cup in 2007 are two further significant international victories for Team India. The first cricket club was established in 1792 after cricket was introduced to the Indian subcontinent by European merchant sailors in the 18th century. The first Test match for India’s national cricket team took place on June 25, 1932, at Lord’s, making them the sixth team to receive Test status. India had to wait nearly 20 years, from 1932 to 1952, before it won a test match. India was one of the weakest sides in its first fifty years of international cricket, winning just 35 of the first 196 Test matches it took part in. Gavaskar, Viswanath, Kapil Dev, and the Indian spin foursome all rose to prominence in the 1970s, strengthening the team.

India won their first World Cup in 1983 under the direction of Kapil Dev. This article will take a look at the development of cricket in India across time. 

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The Advent of Cricket in India

Cricket was introduced to India by British colonists in 1700, and the first match took place there in 1721. The Oriental Cricket Club, established by the Parsi community in Bombay in 1848, was the first cricket team started by an Indian. Two cricketers from India, Ranjitsinhji and Duleepsinhji, played for England in the early 20th century. The Ranji Trophy and the Duleep Trophy, which inaugurated Indian cricket, were later given in honour of them. An Indian squad made their first official journey to the British Isles in 1911, however, they only faced off against English county teams and not the England cricket team.

The First Test Match in India 

In 1932, the CK Naidu-led Indian side made their test-playing debut in England. The lone test between England and India was held at London’s Lord’s Stadium. India fell short by 158 runs in the game. India hosted its first test series in 1933. In late 1947, the team played their maiden series as an independent nation against Australia. In the 24th match against England in Madras in 1952, India won their first test. Later that year, they defeated Pakistan in their maiden test series, which they later won. India defeated England at home in their maiden test series in 1961–1962, and they also defeated New Zealand at home. In 1967–1968, India defeated New Zealand and won its first series played outside of the Indian subcontinent.

Two of India’s greatest batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath, rose to prominence in the 1970s. Under the leadership of Ajit Wadekar, these players were instrumental in the 1971 West Indies and England series victories.

First One Day and ICC World Cup 1974- 1983 in India 

India faced England in the first one-day international (ODI) in 1974. In the first two World Cups, India was a weak ODI team that failed to get past the first round. With stroke makers like Mohammad Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar, all-rounder Kapil Dev, and Ravi Shastri, India’s batting lineup became more attack-oriented in the 1980s.

India defeated the West Indies in the World Cup final in 1983, and this victory altered the course of Indian cricket history. India won the Asia Cup in 1984 and the World Cricket Championship in Australia in 1985. Gavaskar and Kapil Dev were at the height of their careers in the 1980s. Gavaskar set a test record with 34 centuries and was the first person to surpass 10,000 runs. With 434 wickets, Kapil Dev set a record for test cricket wicket-takers.

Cricket in the Late 80s and Beginning of the 90s

The Indian team was significantly strengthened by the acquisition of Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble in 1989 and 1990. Despite having the best player in the world on their team in the 1990s, India lost all 33 of its tests played outside of the subcontinent while winning 17 of the 30 tests played at home.

The team experienced a lot of changes after India was defeated by Sri Lanka in the 1996 World Cup semifinal, with Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid taking over as captains. Tendulkar was the top run scorer in Test and ODI cricket by the start of 1998, and India had just defeated Australia at home in a test series. India endured a dismal loss of 3-0 on a tour of Australia and then a loss of 2-0 at home to South Africa after failing to go past the quarterfinals of the 1999 World Cup. When Ganguly was named the new captain in 2000, there were numerous objections. Azharuddin and Ajay Jadeja received a ban after being linked to a match-fixing scam.

21st Century in the History of Cricket In India

Major advancements were made by the Indian team under the leadership of Sourav Ganguly and John Wright. After winning the test series in 2001, India kept their perfect home record against Australia. India and Sri Lanka shared the ICC Champions Trophy in 2001, and they went to the 2003 Cricket World Cup, reaching the final but losing to Australia. India was assigned to play out a test series in Australia from 2003 to 2004. They drew a match at 1-1 with the world champions there before winning a test and ODI series in Pakistan.

India saw an absence of rhythm and endurance from their veteran players in 2004. Following a loss in a home test series against Australia, Pakistan was defeated in a home ODI series. Players like MS Dhoni, Suresh Raina, Irfan Pathan, and Yuvraj Singh broke into the Indian Team in 2005. India moved up to second place in the ICC ODI rankings in 2005 after winning a home series against Sri Lanka and drawing a series with South Africa.

Also Read: Step-by-Step Guide to Become an International Cricket Umpire

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